They have no gender and are neither male or female.
Angels have no free will and follow the orders of Allah without fail.
"They celebrate His praises night and day, nor do they ever slacken." (Quran 21:20)
Angels in Islam play different roles and have different responsibilities.
Angels help carry out orders of Allah.
Some examples of Angels in Islam who are mentioned by name in the Quran:
Jibril (Gabriel): To deliver the Divine Revelations from Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to His chosen Messengers from among the prophets (alayhum salam).
Mikail (Michael): To manage man’s mundane necessities, bring forth rain and oversee the cultivation of crops.
Israfil: To blow the Trumpet: once, for the destruction of the universe; and again, for the Resurrection of all accountable beings to face the Judgment Day.
The Angel of Death.
Maalik: The Guardian of Hell, an unwelcome sight, for the unfortunate and wretched dwellers of the eternal fire.
Ridwan: The Guardian of Paradise, who welcomes the Prophets (peace be upon them) and the righteous who have been blessed by Allah.
Munkar : The angel responsible for questioning the dead in their graves on issues relating who they worshipped, their prophet, religion, belief, deeds, etc.
Nakir: The second angel who questions the dead on issues relating to who they worshipped, their prophet, religion, belief, deeds, etc.
Raqib: Sits on Man’s right shoulder to record his/her good deeds.
Atid: Sits on Man’s left shoulder to record his/her evil deeds.
Belief in God's Prophets & Messengers
Allah sent Prophets & Messengers to send the same message to people of all nations: that God is one and to worship Him alone and obey him and do good to those as you would like to be treated.
The following is a chart of the Prophets and Messengers that Muslims believe in:
Times Mentioned in Quran
Arabic Name of Prophet
Biblical Name of Prophet
John the Baptist
DhulKifl (DOOL KIF-UL)
Belief in God's Books (Scriptures)
Muslims believe in previous Scriptures revealed by God:
The Psalms (Zabur) revealed to David (Dawud) (peace be upon him)
The Torah (Taurat) revealed to Moses (Musa) (peace be upon him)
The Gospel (Injeel) revealed to Jesus (Isa) (peace be upon him)
The Quran revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him)
However, Muslims believe the Psalms and The Gospel are not the same as when they were revealed originally and have been altered by Man and that the Quran is the literal word of God revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him) through the Angel Gabriel.
Belief in the Last Day, Resurrection, Paradise & Hellfire
Muslims believe that there will be a Judgment Day where every being will be judged for their good and bad deeds.
“And fear a Day (of Judgement) when a person shall not avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation be taken from him nor will they be helped” (Quran 2:48)
“And fear the Day (of Judgement) when no person shall avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from him, nor shall intercession be of use to him, nor shall they be helped” (Quran 2:123)
“On that Day, people will come forward in separate groups to be shown their deeds: whoever has done an atom’s weight of good will see it, but whoever has done an atom’s weight of evil will see that” (Quran 99:6-8)
“And the Book (one’s Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of God, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of God), and you will see the criminal sinners, fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They will say: “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!” And they will find all that they did placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice.” (Quran 18:49)
All creation will be resurrected:
“As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it.” (Quran 21:104)
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:
“The rights shall be returned to the proper individuals on the Day of Resurrection, even to the detail of the just retribution of the broken horned sheep from the two horned sheep who had hit it.” (Sahih Muslim)
Muslims believe in Paradise:
And those who believe and do good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they dwell therein forever. (Quran, 2:82)
"And We shall remove from their breasts any hatred or sense of injury" (Quran 7:43)
"Gardens of perpetual bliss: they shall enter there, as well as the righteous among their fathers, their spouses, and their offspring. Angels shall enter from every gate (with the salutation): 'Peace be with you, that you persevered in patience! Now how excellent is the final home!" (Quran 13:23-24)
“They will not hear therein ill speech or commission of sin. But only the saying of: 'Peace! Peace!'" (Quran 56:25-26)
"But give glad tidings to those who believe and work righteousness, that their portion is gardens, beneath which rivers flow" (Quran 2:25)
"Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous" (Quran 3:133)
"Allah hath promised to Believers, men and women, gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in gardens of everlasting bliss. But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah. That is the supreme felicity" (Quran 9:72)
"They will recline (with ease) on Thrones (of dignity) arranged in ranks..." (Quran 52:20)
"They and their associates will be in groves of (cool) shade, reclining on Thrones (of dignity). Every fruit (enjoyment) will be there for them; they shall have whatever they call for" (Quran 36:56-57)
"In a lofty Paradise, where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood. Therein will be a running spring. Therein will be thrones raised high, and cups set at hand. And cushions set in rows, and rich carpets (all) spread out" (Quran 88:10-16)
"... Every time they are fed with fruits therefrom, they say: 'Why, this is what we were fed before,' for they are given things in similitude..." (Quran 2:25)
"Therein you shall have (all) that your inner‑selves desire, and therein you shall have all for which you ask. An entertainment from Allah, the Oft‑Forgiving, Most Merciful” (Quran 41:31-32)
“Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent forth (good deeds) in days past!” (Quran 69:24)
“... rivers of water incorruptible; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes...” (Quran 47:15)
"But those who have faith and work righteousness, they are companions of the garden. Therein shall they abide forever" (Quran 2:82)
"For such the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath - an eternal dwelling. How excellent a recompense for those who work (and strive)!" (Quran 3:136)
Muslims also believe in hell:
"...fear the Fire whose fuel is men and stones,- which is prepared for those who reject Faith" (Quran 2:24)
"...Enough is Hell for a burning fire. Those who reject Our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire. As often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the penalty. For Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise" (Quran 4:55-56)
"But he whose balance (of good deeds) is found to be light, will have his home in a (bottomless) Pit. And what will explain to you what this is? A Fire blazing fiercely!" (Quran 101:8-11)
It has 7 gates:
"And verily, Hell Is the promised abode For them all! To it are seven Gates: For each of those Gates Is a (special) class (Of sinners) assigned. (Quran 15:43-44)
It is guarded by 19 angels:
"Over it are Nineteen (i.e., guards). And We have set none but angels as Guardians of the Fire…(Quran 74:30-31)
Belief in Al-Qadar (Pre-Ordainment or pre-destination)
Muslims believe Allah knows everything and is omnipotent.
"Truly, nothing is hidden from God, in the earth or in the heavens." (Quran 3:5)
Everything happens by Allah’s will:
Nor can a soul die except by Allah’s leave, the term being fixed as by writing. If any do desire a reward in this life, We shall give it to him; and if any do desire a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give it to him. And swiftly shall We reward those that (serve us with) gratitude. (Quran 3:145)
And with Him are the keys of the unseen treasures-- none knows them but He; and He knows what is in the land and the sea, and there falls not a leaf but He knows it, nor a grain in the darkness of the earth, nor anything green nor dry but (it is all) in a clear book. (Quran 6:59)
Say: For myself I have no power to benefit, nor power to hurt, save that which Allah willeth. Had I knowledge of the Unseen, I should have abundance of wealth, and adversity would not touch me. I am but a warner, and a bearer of good tidings unto folk who believe. (Quran 7:188)
Say: ‘Nothing will happen to us except what Allah has decreed for us: He is our protector’: and on Allah let the Believers put their trust." (Quran 9:51)
Allah predestines the fate of every soul:
The guiding of them is not thy duty (O Muhammad), but Allah guideth whom He will. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, it is for yourselves, when ye spend not save in search of Allah's Countenance; and whatsoever good thing ye spend, it will be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged. (Quran 2:272)
"Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is Allah's; and whether you manifest what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will call you to account according to it; then He will forgive whom He pleases and chastise whom He pleases, and Allah has power over all things." (Quran 2:284)
"Do you wish to guide him whom Allah has caused to err? And whomsoever Allah causes to err, you shall by no means find a way for him." (Quran 4:88)
"And the Jews and the Christians say: We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones. Say: Why does He then chastise you for your faults? Nay, you are mortals from among those whom He has created, He forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He pleases; and Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, and to Him is the eventual coming." (Quran 5:18)
"Do you not know that Allah-- His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He chastises whom He pleases; and forgives whom He pleases and Allah has power over all things. O Messenger! let not those grieve you who strive together in hastening to unbelief from among those who say with their mouths: We believe, and their hearts do not believe, and from among those who are Jews; they are listeners for the sake of a lie, listeners for another people who have not come to you; they alter the words from their places, saying: If you are given this, take it, and if you are not given this, be cautious; and as for him whose temptation Allah desires, you cannot control anything for him with Allah. Those are they for whom Allah does not desire that He should purify their hearts; they shall have disgrace in this world, and they shall have a grievous chastisement in the hereafter. " (Quran 5:40-41)
"Those whom Allah wills to guide, He opens their breast to Islam; Those whom He wills to leave straying, - he makes their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus does Allah lay abomination on those who refuse to believe." (Quran 6:125)
"Whomsoever Allah guides, he is the one who follows the right way; and whomsoever He causes to err, these are the losers. Many are the Jinns and men we have made for Hell." (Quran 7:178-179)
"My counsel will not profit you if I were minded to advise you, if Allah’s will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord and unto Him ye will be brought back." (Quran 11:34)
"In truth thy Lord destroyed not the townships tyrannously while their folk were doing right. And if thy Lord had willed, He verily would have made mankind one nation, yet they cease not differing, Save him on whom thy Lord hath mercy; and for that He did create them. And the Word of thy Lord hath been fulfilled: Verily I shall fill hell with the jinn and mankind together." (Quran 11:117-119)
"Allah leads astray whomsoever He will and guides whomsoever he will." (Quran 14:4)
"And when We desire to destroy a city, We command its men who live at ease, and they commit ungodliness therein, then the Word is realized against it, and We destroy it utterly." (Quran 17:16)
"Allah hath (now) revealed the fairest of statements, a Scripture consistent, (wherein promises of reward are) paired (with threats of punishment), whereat doth creep the flesh of those who fear their Lord, so that their flesh and their hearts soften to Allah’s reminder. Such is Allah’s guidance, wherewith He guideth whom He will. And him whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no guide." (Quran 39:23)
"And whom Allah guides, there is none that can lead him astray; is not Allah Mighty, the Lord of retribution? And should you ask them, Who created the heavens and the earth? They would most certainly say: Allah. Say: Have you then considered that what you call upon besides Allah, would they, if Allah desire to afflict me with harm, be the removers of His harm, or (would they), if Allah desire to show me mercy, be the withholders of His mercy? Say: Allah is sufficient for me; on Him do the reliant rely." (Quran 39:37-38)
"He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no protecting friend after Him. And thou (Muhammad) wilt see the evil-doers when they see the doom, (how) they say: Is there any way of return? … And they will have no protecting friends to help them instead of Allah. He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no road." (Quran 42:44, 46)
"He will admit to His Mercy whom He will; But the wrong-doers,- for them has He prepared a grievous Penalty." (Quran 76:31)
Allah predestines if a person will believe or not believe:
"And if your Lord had pleased, surely all those who are in the earth would have believed, all of them; will you then force men till they become believers? And it is not for a soul to believe except by Allah’s permission; and He casts uncleanness on those who will not understand." (Quran 10:99-100)
"Thou wilt not find folk who believe in Allah and the Last Day loving those who oppose Allah and His messenger, even though they be their fathers or their sons or their brethren or their clan. As for such, He hath written faith upon their hearts and hath strengthened them with a Spirit from Him, and He will bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide. Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him. They are Allah's party. Lo! is it not Allah's party who are the infoful? (Quran 58:22)
Allah predestines our wills:
"Let any who will, keep it in remembrance! But none will keep it in remembrance except as Allah wills: He is the Lord of Righteousness, and the Lord of Forgiveness." (Quran 74:55-56)
"This is an admonition: Whosoever will, let him take a (straight) Path to his Lord. But ye will not, except as Allah wills; for Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom." (Quran 76:29-30)
"Unto whomsoever of you willeth to walk straight. And ye will not, unless (it be) that Allah willeth, the Lord of Creation." (Quran 81:28-29)
Humans are held accountable for their own actions:
"Wherever ye are, death will find you out, even if ye are in towers built up strong and high!" If some good befalls them, they say, "This is from Allah"; but if evil, they say, "This is from thee" (O Prophet). Say: "All things are from Allah." But what hath come to these people, that they fail to understand a single fact? Whatever good, (O man!) happens to thee, is from Allah. But whatever evil happens to thee, is from thy (own) soul. And We have sent thee as a messenger to (instruct) mankind. And enough is Allah for a witness. (Quran 4:78-79)
"Had Allah willed He could have made you (all) one nation, but He sendeth whom He will astray and guideth whom He will, and ye will indeed be asked of what ye used to do." (Quran 16:93)
"Restrain thyself along with those who cry unto their Lord at morn and evening, seeking His Countenance; and let not thine eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp of the life of the world; and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance, who followeth his own lust and whose case hath been abandoned. Say: (It is) the truth from the Lord of you (all). Then whosoever will, let him believe, and whosoever will, let him disbelieve. Lo! We have prepared for disbelievers Fire. Its tent encloseth them. If they ask for showers, they will be showered with water like to molten lead which burneth the faces. Calamitous the drink and ill the resting-place!" (Quran 18:29)
"And nothing prevents men from believing when the guidance comes to them, and from asking forgiveness of their Lord, except that what happened to the ancients should overtake them, or that the chastisement should come face to face with them." (Quran 18:55)
"Then he (Abraham) turned aside to their gods secretly and said: What! do you not eat? What is the matter with you that you do not speak? Then he turned against them secretly, smiting them with the right hand. So they (people) advanced towards him, hastening. Said he: What! do you worship what you hew out? And Allah has created you and what you make." (Quran 37:91-96)